I learned it back in the 1970's from Helene Bress' book, Inkle Weaving.
She refers to it as "Basketweave Background". Evelyn Neher in her book, Inkle, calls it "Speckled"
the term which I have adopted and used over the years. It is also sometimes called, supplementary warp technique, European, Latvian, Scandinavian or Sami pickup. So many names, such a great technique!
| #1 Turquoise and red pattern/ brown and tan background/ pick and drop/ pattern in border/|
tan weft shows in brown background area.
At the bottom of the page, I'll give you a threading chart for setting up your loom to weave this technique and a helpful link to a tutorial on how to chart patterns and do the picking.
The term "pickup" could be a bit misleading, since often it is necessary to pick AND drop threads out of their normal sequence. These patterns look different on the front and back sides. Some photos here show both sides. Click on photos to enlarge them and see more details.
Here are some cool variations that you can use with this technique. Examples are given on this page for most of them:
- Pick only OR pick and drop
- Single color background/ single color pattern
- Single color background/ multiple color pattern [See #3, #4, #12]
- Multiple color background/ single color pattern [See #8, #10]
- Multiple color background/ multiple color pattern [See #1]
- For pick and drop patterns -same color weft (will not show) OR contrasting weft (will show as spots where the weft is dropped) [See #1, #13 for contrasting weft]
- Plain borders to help accentuate the pickup design OR other patterns in the border areas
- Continuous pattern along the length of the band OR individual motifs with plain weave in between [See #7 for motifs with plain weave in between]
- Several pattern motifs can be mixed, mingled or varied along the length of the band, change it up as you go [See #14 for alternating small and large diamond motifs]
- Pattern area can be small OR the entire width of the band
- Pattern area can be centered OR off to one side
- Lettering/ words can be incorporated [See link at bottom of page]
|#2 Red background/ Brown pattern/ pick and drop /pattern in border/ same color weft |
The pattern at each end is different from that of the central portion of the band.
|#3 White background/ three colors in pattern/ pick only/ plain borders|
|#4 Tan background/ three colors in pattern/ pick only/ pattern in border|
|#6 Black background/ red pattern/ pick and drop/ same color weft/ single stripe in border|
|#7 Maroon background/ pink pattern/ pick and drop/ patterned border/ same color weft/|
area between motifs
|#8 Two color background/ single color pattern/ pickup only/ simple stripe border|
|#9 Black background/ red pattern/ pickup only/ small pattern area with wide patterned border|
|#10 Two color background/ single color pattern/ pick and drop/ asymmetrical landscape pattern|
|#11 Yellow background/ red pattern/ pick and drop in asymmetrical pattern/ patterned border/ same color weft|
Unusual example as the red pattern threads were picked on one half of the band and dropped on the other.
Photo shows back and front.
|#12 Dark green background/ two color pattern/ pick and drop/ same color weft|
|#13 Single color background/ single color pattern/ pick and drop/ contrasting color weft/ border pattern|
|#14 Single color pattern/ two color background/ pick only/ plain borders/ |
This one has diamond motifs which alternate between small and large versions.
For this technique, there is always one pattern thread between two background threads.
Here is a simple warping draft for a single color background/ single color pattern/ plain borders.
If the pattern needs to be centered and symmetrical (typical for these types of patterns), there will be an odd number of pattern threads. For example in the draft below, there are 13 pattern threads, 7 in one row and 6 in the other. This is used in the very popular Celtic Knot pattern, for which you can find the pattern here, thanks to Tracy DeGarmo.
Lady Edyth Miller of the Compleatly Dressed Anachronist Blog has done a fine job of describing how to chart the pickup pattern, how to read the chart and how to execute the technique here: http://edythmiller.blogspot.com/2014/02/baltic-style-pickup-inkle-weaving.html
For weaving lettering See PDF tutorial from Anita Apinis-Herman HERE.
Two books I would recommend are; Sami Band Weaving by Susan J. Foulkes
And Norwegian Pick-Up Bandweaving by Heather Torgenrud